An interview with Julian CH Lee
Julian CH Lee, Senior Lecturer in Global Studies at RMIT University, speaks to Christina Plant about his new edited volume Narratives of Globalization: Reflections on the Global Human Condition (published by Rowman and Littlefield International, ISBN 9781783484423)
CP: Narratives of Globalization attempts to explore globalization differently from other academic books. How would you describe that difference?
JL: All the chapters in Narratives of Globalization are written in a highly personalized style. The authors ground their discussions in their personal histories, and by sharing and reflecting on moments in their lives, they explore key concepts in the study of globalization. For example, in my own chapter I use the reactions of people to the South Korean hit song ‘Gangnam Style’ at my cousin’s wedding to explore cultural hybridity, and I use the presence of helium balloons in the shape of ‘Angry Birds’ at a protest in Kuala Lumpur to explore localized interpretations of global symbols.
At the same time, each chapter seeks to take a key concept in the study of globalization, including human rights, diversity and transculturation, and to critically explore it through the authors’ narratives. A core objective of the writing was that it must be both accessible and academically rigorous, which are characteristics which I feel are too often ignored in academic writing.
Why was the ‘first person’ narrative approach important to you?
There are a number of reasons why I felt it was important. One reason is that I believe it is possible to write in a way that is both relevant to established scholars and also approachable by non-scholars, including first year university students. Being able to engage with wider audiences beyond academia is not only a nice side-project, but might even be considered a scholarly duty. It helps to make the relevance of our research clear, which is something that social scientists could do more of.
Furthermore, I think this approach of exploring key ideas through personal experiences also presents readers, especially students, with a model of how they can connect their lives with larger phenomena, whether it be neoliberalism, global migration or international security. Writing that is abstracted and inaccessible can readily alienate people and make it difficult for people to connect the dots between their own worlds and the things that scholars say are important.
A notable feature of Narratives of Globalization is that Asia features prominently in many of the chapters. What does the prominence of Asia in the book say about the place of Asia in the processes of globalization?
There are a few reasons for Asia’s prominence in the book. One is that Asia is widely regarded as being on the ascent, whether economically or politically. One can see this in suggestions that this century is the ‘Asian Century’.
A second reason is that Asia, as a global hub of exchange in goods, ideas, culture and people, throws up so many case studies that are ideal for exploring themes in the study of globalization. We can take as an example what is often said to be the world’s best airport, Changi in Singapore. Chris Hudson uses Changi to question the notion that airports are bland nodes of global transit and are therefore ‘non-places’ – devoid of a sense of belonging and place. Through her descriptions and photos, we can see how Singaporeans have brought Changi’s Terminal 3 into the ambit of their lives and it is very much a place with meaning for them.
I found Rebekah Farrell’s chapter ‘On a Global Moral Economy’ particularly thought provoking. Could you speak a little about her chapter?
Rebekah Farrell’s chapter is an important one because she wrestles with issues relating to privilege and power in the context of a rural village in Thailand. This village is in need of assistance in dealing with socio-economic transformations that are impacting its ability to be sustainable. Young people have been leaving for urban centres, endangering both the economic viability of the society and its cultural continuity. How Farrell and her youth-led organization sought to thoughtfully enable villagers to protect the integrity of their village is a touching example of a respectful and helpful approach to development work in Asia.
The book’s authors are all associated with the Centre for Global Research at RMIT University. How has this influenced the resulting book?
The atmosphere around the Centre for Global Research encourages creative ventures and critically reflexive practice and research. Therefore, this book brings those elements out and puts them on display, along with the great diversity of the research interests of the members which is evident in the diverse topics of the chapters. This book is in some ways a showcase for the Centre and the kinds of analysis it is capable of.
Christina Plant is an intern at the Centre for Global Research (firstname.lastname@example.org).