Global Asia

The objective of the EPA-research programme are twofold: 1. Energy supply security and geopolitics 2. Energy efficiency, alternative energy resources and sustainable development.

Research site: 

The EPA-research programme is designed to study the effects of global geopolitics of energy supply security on the European Union and main Asian energy-consuming countries and their national strategies for securing supply and their main suppliers are the Persian Gulf and Caspian region (comprising Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Russia).

Since the end of the Cold War, state and non-state actors have assigned more significance to economic and resource concerns. Conflicts over the control of global oil and gas become more likely as global oil and gas consumption and imports rise, environmental conditions deteriorate, availability of oil and gas decreases, and prices for these commodities rise. Internal conflicts over oil and gas could arise in countries where these are the main source of income, and are accompanied by ethnic hostility, economic injustice, and political competition. Due to the growing energy import of the main regions and countries - China, India, but also the European Union and the United States energy relations will be increasingly politicized. Competition and cooperation among consumer countries for energy supplies are likely to become more intense in the coming decades while geopolitical events in the Caspian region and the Gulf will influence the developments in the oil and gas sector and policy making in the consumer countries. Energy supply security is touched by environmental constraints and technological opportunities. Where pollution can create cross-border tensions, new innovations in alternative and renewable resources and efficiency measures can reduce energy import dependence.

Domestic and Geopolitical Challenges to Energy Security for, China and the European Union

A Joint Research Programme between Energy programme Asia (EPA)-IIAS and the Institute of West Asian and African Studies (IWAAS)-Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) in cooperation with the Institute of Industrial Economy-CASS.

The research programme has supported by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Social Sciences (KNAW) for duration of three years [September 1 2007-September 1 2010.]

The objectives of this comparative research project are to analyze (a) the geopolitical and (b) domestic aspects of energy security challenges for the European Union (EU) and China and their impact on energy security policy strategies. The geopolitical aspects involve analyzing the effects of competition for access to oil and gas resources and the security of energy supply among the main global consumer countries on the EU and China. The domestic aspects involve analyzing domestic energy demand and supply, energy efficiency policies, and the deployment of renewable energy resources.

The research program is funded by the KNAW for duration of three years [September 1 2007-31 December 2010.]

The Core Research Team

  • Dr. M. P. Amineh [EPA-IIAS, Programme Director, Leiden & Amsterdam]
  • Prof. Yang Guang [IWAAS-CASS, Programme Director, Beijing]
  • Dr. Chen Mo [Institute of West Asian and African Studies-CASS, Beijing]
  • Prof. Dr. Kurt Radtke [Professor Emeritus, University of Leiden, Netherlands, International Institute of Asian Studies]
  • Prof. Shi Dan [Director of Institute of Industrial Economy-CASS, Beijing]
  • Prof. Dr. E.B. Vermeer [University Leiden, Netherlands, University of Turku, Finland]
  • Prof. Wu Hongwei [Institute of Russian, East European & Central Asian Studies, CASS]
  • Dr. E.P. Rakel (Faculty of Political Science, University of Amsterdam)
  • D.J. Scholten MSc [Delft University of Technology]
  • Dr. Li Xiao-hua [Associate Professor, Institute of Industrial Economics, Beijing]
  • Prof. Joyeeta Gupta [Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM]